Africa is the poorest continent on the planet. Many African states are politically unstable, and livelihoods are affected by environmental destruction and the effects of climate change. Illiteracy is one of the biggest obstacles of development. Child mortality and HIV/AIDS are widespread.
Numerous prolonged crises and natural disasters cause suffering in Africa. According to the UN Refugee Agency UNHCR, there are approximately 15 million refugees, asylum seekers and internally displaced persons in Africa.