Somalia is one of the most fragile nations in the world. It is also listed as one of the five least developed countries on the planet. One of the reasons for this is the civil war that broke out in 1990, resulting in the central government of Somalia effectively ceasing to exist.
The ensuing violence has forced some 1.5 million Somalis to flee outside the borders of their home country. In addition, there are about a million refugees within the country. However, advances have been made in peace work and in rebuilding the government. Between 2008 and 2014, 25 local conflicts have been resolved in Somalia, and at the end of 2015, 18 peace negotiations were underway. In 2015, Finn Church Aid was involved in the creation of the Central Regions State.
In Somalia, religious leaders hold an extremely significant position in peace efforts and conflict prevention. FCA supports the building of peace among both religious and traditional leaders. The efforts that began in 2008 have expanded over the past years both geographically and in terms of content. Projects related to education and livelihood have been included in the peace work in order to prevent conflicts at an early stage. We strive to involve young people and women in particular in the efforts towards peace building.
After 2015, focus will also be put especially on developing the government and promoting good governance.
We work with local organisations in Puntland and Somaliland. The focus of the humanitarian assistance projects is on developing livelihood opportunities. Work is also done to mitigate the effects of drought caused by the El Niño weather phenomenon.
FCA is also supporting vulnerable IDPs, returnees and refugees in Somaliland, mainly through return assistance and provision of livelihood opportunities in the reintegration process. FCA provides humanitarian assistance for returnees and refugees from Yemen, and also for reintegration of IPDs, and support to the host community in reconstruction and reintegration of IDPs – FCA also aims to support the protection side of the return and reintegration.
For more information : Risk of Relapse, Somalia Crisis Update (pdf-file)